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Lei combatte contro il sole! Le reliquie sono state ritrovate nelle cappelle di famiglia dalla principessa Yasmin! Perde il suo tempo. Il cui prodest delle sue affermazioni tentono di legittimare la dinastia di Manfredi, il bastardo che era semplice principe della Capitanata. Finalmente si e' manifestato!

La professoressa che lei cita evidentemente ignora l'originale dei prologhi al testamento di Worms e di certo non e' piu' autorevole del Kanthorowicz,o Scheffer Boichorst che documentano in numerose note bibliografiche l'esistenza di vari frammenti testamentari e dei prologhi al testamento di Worms contenenti un disegno imperiale di successione ai titoli imperiali, in caso di estinzione della linea di Corrado.

Gli Antiochia ebbero solo il rango di conti del Molise e di Celano. Manfredi solo la Capitanata. Secondo archivi segreti del Vaticano, fu per questo che Manfredi soffoco' il padre con il cuscino , dopo aver tentato invano di avvelenarlo.

Fu Re Vittorio Emanuele , a italianizzare e modificare il cognome di Heinz , figlio di Elvira Hohenzollern e ad amministrare il suo patrimonio affidatogli di Lady Julie Schwaben, investito ma vaporizzato nel Collegio della scuola di Froebel che a Corradino di Svevia doveva essere dedicato , ma che si chiamo' invece dei Savoia.

Il ministro Minghetti che minacciava di riportare tutto al Kaiser , fu rabbonito , dopo che Il Re in codice scrive al Primo Ministro Lanza di scendere nella valle di Giosafat, e ricorrrere all'arma ,pur di evitare che Minghetti parli del caso del principe curlandese," il cui rango non dev'essere messo in campo poiche' potrebbe essere usato dai nemici e mettere in pericolo il Regno.

L'unita' d'Italia fu finanziata dall'eredita' di Elvira Hohenzollern madre di Heinz. L'isola di Caprera formalmente donato a Garibaldi da Elpis Malena che era il nome di Lady Speranza Schwarz fu acquistata con i fondi dell'eredita' dell'ultimo svevo curlandese. Anche l'aquila sveva stemma degli Avril scomparve e solo nel , dietro Denunce delle Fondazioni e' finalmente ricomparsa, negli armoriali di Francia e nell'enciclopedia delle Famiglie nobili di Francia ,con il motto Fortis Renascitur Proles e lo stemma dell'aquila sveva.

E' la stessa nota dell'Enciclopedia che riporta che lo stemma Aigle de Sable sostituisce il pregresso per un errore che risale dalla dinastia angioina. La risposta ,pare che sia in un altro sito, su cui il prof Lancellotti ha risposto, ma dubitando della stessa esistenza dei nomi dei suoi interlocutori,supponendo siano degli usurpatori. Basta con i pataccari! Vi sono in realta' obiettive censure praticate dai vincitori che avevano tutto l'interesse a cancellare le dinastie pregresse.

E' il caso degli Hohenstaufen. Ma vi e' una abissale differenza tra chi si chiamava Aprile della Santa Progenie Sveva Sicena Anglicana Buren Stauferich Anjou , il cui stemma e' l'aquila sveva e chi vuole tale titolo usurpare attraverso attestati di peli o inesistenti figli delle corna di mogli!

Non e' concesso a nessuno cancellare la realta' dei fatti! Adelchi non mori' a Brescia, ma a Costantinopoli, ove muto' nome ed ove concorse all'Impero Bizantino , quale stirpe di Costantino e Potior Valens Valentiniani. Anche Macedonio, dinastia imperiale dell'imperatore Macedonio, ha subito le medesime censure. Addirittura negli armoriali e' estinta. Eppure l'ultimo ciabattino di questo mondo collega di un neo re adottato da un vecchio omosessuale impostore , con domande rimaste senza risposta su presunte manomissione di pergamene e date, su neo predicati aggiunti ,si permettono di offendere i veri discendenti di cotanta prosapia!

Togliete le pulci che osano infilarsi tra le piume delle vere aquile! Siamo stanchi dei pataccari ed impostori! Istaoper Friius Recescegene Sveva La Tomba di Federico VI figlio di Staufen o Staufer o Ex Freya ,Aprile13 ott Rinasce la Dinastia Aprile Staufen o Staufer o Ex Freya , Ve l'immaginate voi i giudici o il commisario anticrimine che perseguiti o denunci Saviano?

Cosi' sarebbe se Stramaglia Giuseppe risultasse colui che appare sul sito di Barbaccia, o comunque suo parente? Devo ammettere che il volume "I personaggi della storia medievale" è insufficiente per affrontare una discussione approfondita perchè una cosa è la designazione di un erede al trono da parte di Federico II e altra è la complessa genealogia della sua numerosa progenie.

Non sono un partigiano di Manfredi peraltro, e non so neppure se qualcuno si vanti di essere da lui disceso. Ho dato una sbirciatina rapida: Figli di Isabella d'Inghilterra: Non è quindi esatto che visse fino al e che abbia sposato Elisabetta d'Austria, come si legge nel sito http: Acquaviva mi ha nominato come Novello pulcino e posso anche accettarlo datosi che fino a pochi mesi fa non ero addentro alle questioni del medioevo.

Non mi sembra opportuno l'epiteto perchè chioccia, cioè gallina, ha una connotazione negativa se riferito a una donna. Capito a caso, e non comprendo l'interesse per la dinastia di Federico II in un sito che parla dei Savoia.

Dovreste essere piu' attinenti al tema. Se e' per questo vi sono libri che non parlano nemmeno dell'esistenza di Federico di Sicilia , quindi lei , Signor Steno,scopre l'acqua calda. La circostanza che un testo porti che abbia vissuto un anno e' riferito a Kind Federico e non a Federico di Sicilia. Alcuni libri lo chiamano Agnese,o Kind Kind e' bambino in senso indifferenziato sbagliando con una sorellina morta ad un anno.

Il patto non fu concluso per reciproca diffidenza. Sia i pastorali che gli armoriali riportano in traduzione dal provenzale e dal latino Rinasce la stirpe Aprile della Santa progenie Sveva Sicena anglicana fonte vedi anche crittogrammi di Saint Genis E' disdicevole comunque il confronto storico che degeneri in rissa.

Sarebbe auspicabile uno scambio civile di informazioni. Lo stemma degli Aprile della Santa progenie sveva sicena anglicana e' l'aquila sveva! Finalmente una persona aperta allo scambio civile di informazioni. Sono contento della risposta del prof. Da dove sono tratte, precisamente, le notizie da lui riferite circa Federico di Sicilia? Chi ne è l'autore? Questo testo mi è irreperible nelle librerie. Ho chiesto a un amico che sa maneggiare il computer meglio di me, di controllare il sito delle biblioteche italiane.

Non risulta posseduto da nessuna biblioteca. Del Santo quel morir non m'è indulgente". Non conosco il testo cui fa riferimento. Basta attenersi tuttavia al Dictionnaire des familles nobles de Frances e le noti di correzioni risalenti al , da cui emerge che la dinastia Avril de Saint Genis ou Burey Anjou e' la Istaufer Friius o Staufer Recescegene Sveva sicana vocant fontanas se ricordo bene dal provenzale o Avril o Aprilis Sancta Propago Sveva Sicana spinon ex pinon del pino, albero, in quanto lo stemma e' l'aquila sveva oppure un pino verdeggiante, il cui motto e' Fortis Renascitur proles ou semper virens.

In Russia detta anche Apraxin Verdereskji ovvero Aprile Semper virens , il cui stemma del pino verdeggiante e' indizio urgente di parentela, infatti negli armoriali di Provenza chiamasi Aprilis Semper Virens La dinastia e' anche detta in Normandia Avril de Niphi Nero' ou d' Imavrincour de Masquinad nascosta Avril de Bourcane Avril de Plante che traduce Aprile,niphi nero' , venere , dinastia nascosta del Re mascherato di Buren Khan , il re di Buren de plante sta per plantagenet ovvero Anjou.

Com e si nota il predicato santa progenie sveva sicena e' consustanziale ontologicamente al cognome Aprile. A Lyon dit Avril Griffon de Lanslebourg , vedi la cloche de la princess Annemarie Aprile , il cui stemma e' il leone a fronte del grifone, lo stesso di Saint Genis Saintonge. Vedo che e' interessato , ma vi sono siti amatoriali che citano fonti raggiungibili anche telematicamente.

Il cognome hohenstaufen traduce Saint Genis, in quanto Santa Progenie traduce Ari Matea, ovvero altezza divina o divina progenie, hohen significa Altezza, Staufen stirpe,quindi Stirpe Alta, divina. Ed il cerchio si chiude e chudo anch'io , augurandole una santa notte. Veramente la menzione del libro "L'ultimo vento di aprile di Federico II" l'avevo trovata proprio nel sito http: Mi dispiace di aver scomodato il prof. Markale per questi magri risultati. Ecco la Santa Propago Sveva Sicana: Si chiama Avril de Saint Genis , aquila sveva.

Correzione del Annuaire de la noblesse française. Certamente sara' riconoscente lo storico romanziere, Markale, di conoscere l'identita' della favola del suo misterioso conte di Boron in Provenza in realta' il principe Avril de Burey conte d'Anjou titolo dei Plantagenets o Buren Anjou che nei campi di Grano sfamava i poveri, loro mostrando le Bende di Cristo.

Era semplicemente un antenato della principessa Yasmin che quelle Bende ha ereditato e messo in mostra con la ratifica del Vaticano. Abbiamo rintracciato un riferimento simile al Conte di Bouron che e' molto interessante , da parte dello Storico Siniscalchi su un sito che parla di sindone, da parte del Prof. Siniscalchi Anche il libro Profezia della sindone di Baschera ed.

Me-pag 91 narra del conte di Bouron o Buren o Biron che in Provenza ostentava la sindone, nei campi di grano. La Leggenda del Vecchio Conte di Buron , trae origine da canti Medievali che narrano ,in Provenza, del Conte di Buren,nei Pirenei Biron ,fece un voto ,di mettere a disposizione il castello ed i campi di grano per quei pellegrini che di passaggio avean bisogno di rifocillarsi , mostrando la Sindone , a titolo gratuito. Non e' un caso che la Principessa Yasmin abbia trovato i documenti che confermano tale circostanza e che sia l'erede delle Bende e delle reliquie custodite dai Buren o Biron, comunque rami des Avril de Burey Anjou Schwaben.

Del resto il nome avito di Federico era proprio Buren! Si narra che il conte di Bouron possedesse terre coltivate a grano, ma che i visitatori della Sindone fossero talmente tanti che la farina non bastava piu: Il conte di Bouron o Burey o Buren, obbligato da un voto , avvilito chiese al Gesu' di provvedere Giunse il tempo di tagliare il grano, e le spighe erano cosi' grosse che erano genuflesse in terra ,quasi stessero pregando Una volta tagliate le spighe, il giorno seguente nascevano nuove spighe.

Il Conte di Buren vide passare un'aquila nei campi e vide una mano che offriva una spiga di grano. Traccia di questa casata e' nel motto Fortis renascitur Proles e nello stemma di Saint Genis ove appare una mano di Dio che in campo di grano offre un germoglio alla sinistra araldica, l'aquila sveva.

E' l'arma avita della Principessa Yasmin. Sui Capitelli dell'abbazia des Avril de Saint Genis Burey Anjou, c'e' proprio il conte di Buren , divenuto abbate che mostra la sindone!

Postato sabato, 15 novembre alle 9: Ringrazio della risposta i forumisti intervenuti in favore del casato Avril etc. Innanzi tutto vorrei chiarire che il prof.

Markale da me nominato non è Jean Markale lo storico dei templari ma Olivier-Sebastien Markale, che non mi sembra abbia rapporti di parentela col più famoso Jean. Già che ci sono vorrei chiarire anche che non ho rapporti di parentela col famoso araldista Marcello G. Novello, storico e forumista di iagiforum. Non c'è alcun dubbio che la casata Avril de Burey esiste ma ripeto quello che ho già detto: Avevo già consultato il sito indicato e faccio solo notare che, nei documenti originali esibiti in fotoriproduzione del Centre Historique des Archives Nationales e del Dictionnaire des familles françaises circa la famiglia Avril o Apuril non c'è alcuna connessione con gli Hohenstaufen.

Poi ci sono tavole con genealogie scritte da mano recente, e non c'è l'indicazione del compilatore. Altre indicazioni genealogiche sono difficili da controllare, anche se indubbiamente suggestive. Ma Questo Signore non ne accezza una. Fa delle gaffes spaventose e comincia sempre d'accapo! Abbiamo solo l'impressione che Codesto Signore ed il Suo amico illustre sconosciuto Markale, sia come quelle vecchie mogli racchie e tradite che di fronte alla bellezza lapalissiana ,sfolgorante di una rivale ventenne che ha tutte le virtu' , non si diano pace pur di trovarle un difetto Se ne faccia una ragione Si consoli dedicandosi alla calzetta o al lifting!

Non cerchi i nei della sua rivale Ed adesso liberi il mondo della sua inutile , infruttuosa , livorosa e presuntuosa , infantile ottusita'.

La Storia non ha bisogno di Lei, ma di spiriti disinteressati ed acuti. Abbiamo solo l'impressione che Lei odi gratuitamente la principessa Yasmin perche' in qualche modo disturba i suoi interessi! Lei o non vuol capire o vuole perdere tempo! Ma dov'e' la difficoltà? Trattasi solo di varianti linguistiche , ma il nome e' lo stesso.

Se i Pastorali e lo stesso dizionario ammettono che fino al , e' stato nascosto sia lo stemma dell'aquila sveva e l'origine vera di tale nome, ci dev'essere un motivo! Nessuno scopre l'acqua calda se rivela che il nome e' la traduzione e che Federico Avril de Burey Anjou e' indicato come Hohenstaufen o Souabe: E non era forse la madre di Federico una plantageneta? E Se Federico II dona l'isola di Dino ai cistercensi e un Burey , detto anche Buren, familiare di Taylleran , imparentato gia' alla dinastia curlandese riformista e liberale e' Duca dell'Isola di Dino , nonche' conte di Wirtemberg ,Burey Anjou , ramo cadetto nel casato des Avril de Burey Anjou de Saint Genis, vi sono le medesime pergamene originali della donazione dell'Isola di dino ai monaci, e le reliquie di Cristo, tra cui le bende di Cristo, mentre il mondo nemmeno sapeva che la sindone fosse di Federico II, tutto questo e' solo un caso?

Ed i Crittogrammi e microfilm di Filadelfia Supremo Consiglio del legittimo Scozzesimo che traslarono l'intero chiostro interno con i Crittogrammi e l'archivio , con il pretesto che un virus stava deturpando i marmi ed i crittogrammi , non si sono voluti accaparrare le prove della sopravvivenza della Santa Propago di Saint Genisi?

Qui c'e' un vero Re piu' dei Savoia! Qui c'e' persino la prova che Vittorio Emanuele nel ordino' che non fosse messo in campo il cognome degli Hohenstaufen , perche' si sarebbe lui stesso trovato senza, in quanto Savoia e' solo un titolo di Provenienza , ma il vero cognome era Avril de Saint Genis de Savoie, in quanto Biancamano era semplicemente un figlio illegittimo e cadetto della stessa dinastia!

Spesso capita che la fortuna giri e che un vero Re Legittimo debba sopportare gli affronti del bastardo! Cosi' e' successo all'ultimo Hohenstaufen!

I Savoia da Conti, familiari degli Hohenstaufen , tolsero persino il titolo di Principe di Curlandia all'ultimo svevo. Ma questo solo in Italia! Infatti il riferimento all'incompetenza della Consulta Araldica sui titoli del casato del Casato Aprile della Santa Progenie Sveva Sicana , e' ratificata dall'art. Riporta tuttavia principales alleances: Plantagenets , Lancaster ,Comneno.

Ho conosciuto il Padre della principessa Yasmin. Amava scrivere , con la sua preziosa grafia gotica, su una carta di pergamena , ai nobili , che recava stampato dei versi di Shakespeare: Oh se la vostra recente nobilta' potesse capire cosa significhi perderla e ritrovarsi infelice Postato domenica, 23 novembre alle 1: Rispondo in ordine di postazione.

A Curatola rispondo che, in quanto uomo DOC, non posso odiare la principessa Yasmin, perchè è indubbiamente una gentildonna di cultura e di stile. E come potrebbe disturbare i miei interessi? Rivendico forse io qualche diritto dinastico? Non credo proprio anche perchè non sono monarchico dei Savoia. E non sono nemmeno di sinistra: A Serena Pallavicini rispondo che le cose che dice si leggono in decine di altri interventi e nel sito della casata. Quello che manca sono le indicazioni bibliografiche, senza le quali il discorso diventa incontrollabile.

Dove si leggono i Pastorali, gli Armoriali russi, le pergamene di donazione? A Ruperti rispondo che le cose che dice si leggono in decine di altri interventi e nel sito della casata. La discendenza da re Desiderio-Adelchi-Poto, ed anche da Costantino, Galla Placidia, ritenuti antenati di Federico II, da quali autorevoli trattati di genealogia o storia sarebbe documentata?

A Rinaldi rispondo che è lodevole il fatto che Giuseppe Aprile padre della principessa Yasmin abbia salvato migliaia di ebrei. Dove potrei leggere qualche ulteriore notizia? Quanto alla citazione di Kantorowicz, Ernst, Federico II imperatore, faccio notare che in questo volume, di ben pagine, non c'è alcuna menzione di Federico figlio di Isabella d'Inghilterra: Se poi ho annoiato tutti con le mie disquisizioni, il rimedio è facile: Non conosco tutte le fonti , per fatti ormai ovvi.

Il nonno della principessa Yasmin, si chiamava Aprile della Santa progenie Hohenstaufen principe di Curlandia e Vittorio Emanuele non volle mettere in campo tale cognome , in Italia.

Vi sono scritti autografi del Re Vittorio Emanuele. Avere tale cognome e Stemma non significa chiamarsi Pinco Pallina. Ma cercare cio' che e' ormai manifesto e' semplice: Ha controllato le fonti citate dal volume l'Ultimo vento d'Aprile ed Brumar; il -Die Zeit der Staufer;l'archivio di stato Santacroce lettera H Hohenstaufen e le fonti dei tre interventi?

I Pastorali sono semplicemente consultabili rivolgendosi alle fonti delle Abbazie citate. Consideri inoltre che la cloitre Avril de Saint Genis des Fontaines , con il sarcofago di Frederic Avril de Burey Anjou ou Avril de Saint Genis Ou Aprilis Stoffensi Domi, , con plaques , crittogrammi Stoffensi Domi fu traslato completamente a Filadelfia, presso il Supremo Consiglio del Mondo della Massoneria Universale, che non ha piu' restituito alla Francia ne' archivi , ne' pastorali, ne' marmi recanti con l'aigle de sable testimonianza della dinastia.

Com e riportava il supremo Ispettore Della Massoneria Italiana Elvio Sciubba , nel 92 ,Il Supremo Consiglio del Mondo di Filadelfia ,chiese all'ultima erede della dinastia sveva sicana anglicana la ratifica del Supremo Consiglio del Mondo Logge Madri Usa,a Washington , avendo appreso che il charter di de Grasse-til su cui si fondava tale Supremo Magistero era un falso apocrifo: La circostanza che la principessa Yasmin abbia reliquie di Federico II, il nome,lo stemma, documenti, archivi, e' solo un fenomeno magico o casuale, secondo lei?

Perche' poi cerca in cielo cio' che ha sotto gli occhi? Non c'e' maggior sordo di chi non vuol sentire! Consiglio gli interlocutori di parlare del clima Non e' un sito ufficiale, ma porta le fonti di Meomartini e Lettieri dei Puoti di Castelpoto, pronipoti di Re Desiderio. This document sets out the families of Merovingian Frankish nobility from the 6th to the mid-8th centuries.

The families of the maiores domus of the three Merovingian kingdoms of Austrasia, Burgundy and Neustria are set out in chapters 1, 2 and 3 of this document. During Merovingian times, the "maior domus" was the head of the royal household. The earliest reference so far identified to a maior domus in the kingdom of Neustria dates from the last decade of the 6th century. Maiores domus are recorded in the kingdom of Burgundy between the s and [], when the kingdom was ruled by the Merovingian Franks.

On the death of Warnachar [II] in , the Burgundian nobles decided to have no further maior domus but to be ruled directly by the king[2], although Queen Nantechildis appointed Flaochad as maior domus of Burgundy in He is the last recorded maior domus in Burgundy.

The traditional view of the maiores domus at the Merovingian courts is that they assumed a dominant role in the kingdoms of Austrasia and Neustria, and relegated the kings to a subservient position, which justified the general nickname "les rois fainéants" which has often been applied to these monarchs. This appears to over-simplify the situation.

It is true that after the death of King Childebert III in the throne passed to a series of weak kings, whose accession was manipulated by different factions of nobles in the two kingdoms, until in maior domus Pepin [III] "le Bref" declared himself King of the Franks with Papal approval and ended the Merovingian kingdom.

Only one of the seven surviving charters of King Childeric II names his maior domus Wulfoald, and only one of the twelve surviving charters of king Theoderic III names three of his past maiori domus as well as his current maior domus Berchar.

It is accepted that there is no way of knowing what proportion the surviving charters represent of the total amount of documentation produced at court. In addition, charters do not necessarily provide conclusive proof, as they mainly relate to day-to-day administrative activities in religious and judicial areas.

However, the numbers are striking and suggest that the traditional view deserves some reassessment. Contemporary documentation includes references to numerous other Merovingian nobles, with the title dux, comes, or an administrative title which refers to their role at court.

These are set out in Chapter 4 of this document. From the late 6th to the late 7th centuries, the primary sources name numerous Merovingian nobles with the title dux. A territorial attribution is applied to some of these individuals, but the majority are not linked to any specific area of the Frankish kingdom. More than twenty duces without specified territories have been identified.

In addition, duces are named in Auvergne, Champagne, Gascony and Transjurania part of the kingdom of Burgundy during the 7th century, although the documentation does not reveal whether the individuals who successively held these titles were related or not. It is suggested that the Merovingian duces were primarily military appointees, in line with the Roman tradition, and that their jurisdiction over local areas, if any, was limited to military purposes.

This hypothesis appears corroborated by the relative absence of duces from surviving Merovingian charters, which suggests that the duces fulfilled little formal role at court. Most of the mentions of these nobles are found in chronicles, in the record of military exploits. Nor does it appear that the early Merovingian duces were regional rulers, like contemporary dukes of neighbouring regions such as Bavaria and Alemannia, whose appointments conferred a large degree of local autonomy in the territories which they administered.

If this had been the case, one would have expected to find their names in contemporary charters relating to property in the territories over which they presided. However, this should not provide a basis for assuming that the 6th and earlier 7th century ducal appointments involved territorial attribution. Few references to Merovingian duces have been found after the mid-7th century. It is suggested that the practice of appointing duces declined with the rise in power of the maiores domus in the Merovingian Frankish kingdoms, and that the maior domus assumed greater personal control over military affairs to avoid the emergence of rival power bases in the army.

This can be observed particularly in the charters of Kings Clotaire III, Theoderic III, Clovis III, and Childebert III, who reigned between and , although it is recognised that the number of these subscribed charters are too few nine out of the total 46 in the MGH compilation for this period[4], without including the charters classified as spurious to reach definite conclusions about prevailing relating to noble titles.

This suggests that, by this time, the body of counts had established themselves as part of the inner circle of nobles at court, in contrast to the position of the duces in the 6th and 7th centuries. However, the documentation includes no geographical epithets applied to these counts. In addition, all charters dated before the Carolingian period identify specific locations which are the subject of the grant or donation only by reference to the relevant pagus not a county.

More than a hundred such counts have been identified. The known court titles include comes palatii, grafio, domesticus, and referendarius, presumably in descending order of precedence as shown by the charter dated 28 Feb of King Clovis III, which names individuals in each category in this order[8].

One interesting point relates to the nature of the appointment of the "comes palatii" at the Merovingian court. Presumably these officials were assigned important administrative duties, although the precise nature of these cannot be identified from the available sources.

However, in contrast to the maiores domus, large numbers of successive comes palatii are named in the royal charters. The same person rarely appears more than twice, which suggests that their appointments may have been short-term, the post possibly being held in rotation by senior nobility at court.

In addition, in charters which list several named nobles, the comes palatii is not generally named first in the list, suggesting that he held no position of precedence. In the 7th century the documentation indicates that the comes palatii held a subordinate position at court compared to the maior domus.

However, it appears that their position may have evolved over time, possibly replacing that of the maior domus after the accession of the Carolingian dynasty. For example, Wicbert is recorded as the only comes palatii of Pepin I King of the Franks between and [9].

Fredegar records that "Adalgyselus ducis et Aenovales comex Sogiontinsis" led the army of King Sigebert against Radulf Duke of Thuringia, and that "Innowales comex" was killed in battle[11]. It is assumed that Adalgisel ceased to be maior domus before [] when Fredegar records Pepin [I] as maior domus in Austrasia. The following charters suggest that Adalgisel survived the end of his period in power, although it is not certain that they relate to the same person.

In any case, there is some question about the authenticity of this charter as the presence of "Grimoaldo", in a document dated ten years after the death of the only known Duke Grimoald, suggests that the text may have been subject to some alteration. Fredegar names "Otto quidam filius Urones domestici", who was "baiolos Sigyberto" as an adolescent[15].

Fredegar records that "Otto quidam filius Urones domestici", who was "baiolos Sigyberto" as an adolescent, challenged the succession of Grimoald as maior domus in , and was killed by "Leuthario duci Alamannorum" in the 10th year of the reign of King Sigebert[16]. Adviser of King Dagobert I He was banished to Orléans in He was appointed maior domus in Austrasia in ; according to Fredegar he was loved by the Austrasians "for his concern for justice and his goodness"[17].

According to Fredegar, Pepin died about a year after King Dagobert[19]. The Annales Xantenses record the death in of "Pippinus filius Karlomanni, maior domus Lotharii"[20]. The Annales Metenses name "matertera ipsius [Pippini]…virgo Domino consecrate Geretrudis" and record that she founded the monastery "in loco…Nivella cum genitrice sua Itaberga"[21].

The Annales Xantenses name "Begga" as the second daughter of Pepin and record her marriage with "Anchisus dux egregius filius Arnulfi epicopi Mettensium"[24]. Fredegar records that his succession was challenged by "Otto quidam filius Urones domestici", and only assured after Otto was killed "in the tenth year of Sigebert's reign"[27]. A charter dated to [] of "Grimoaldus dux" purports to record his donation to the monastery of Stablo and Malmédy[29].

He tried to usurp the throne after the death in of King Sigebert III, installing his son as king. He was captured by the Neustrians, angry over his interference in the royal succession, tortured and executed. The name of Grimoald's wife is not known. Settipani[31] summarises the debate on Childebert's paternity, highlighting that 8th century sources could be interpreted as indicating that Childebert, son of King Sigebert, was adopted by Grimoald.

He appears to have continued as king despite Grimoald's capture and execution by the Neustrians in Abbess at Nivelles The Vita Geretrudis records the persecution of "sacra puella Vulfetrudis…ex antiquo Francorum genere"[32]. The source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.

The Annales Xantenses name "Gerthrudem virginem sanctam" as the first daughter of Pepin[33], although the order of seniority may be due to the precedence accorded in the text to persons of religion. Co-founder, with her mother, of the abbey of Nivelles, where she was abbess in [].

The Annales Metenses name "matertera ipsius [Pippini]…virgo Domino consecrate Geretrudis" and record that she founded the monastery "in loco…Nivella cum genitrice sua Itaberga"[34]. The Cronica Hohenburgensis names "beata Gerdrudis virgo filia Pipini ducis, soror Grimoaldi" as "Nivelensis cenobii mater"[35]. The Annales Xantenses record the death in of "Sancta Gerthrudis"[38]. The Gesta Francorum names "Wolfaldi ducis", specifying that he was succeeded as maior domus in Austrasia by Pepin[41].

The origins of Arnulf are unknown. The Vita Sancti Arnulfi names "Arnulfus episcopus prosapia genitus Francorum" but gives no further details of his ancestry[42]. The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensis names "Arnulfus…ex nobilissimo fortissimoque Francorum stemmate ortus", with no further information on his parentage, as ninth bishop of Metz and "palatii moderator"[43].

A 9th century genealogy names "beatum Arnulfum episcopum" as the son of Arnold[44]. Settipani points out that this genealogy forms part of a series compiled at Metz, from the late 8th century onwards, which glorify the ancestry of the Carolingian dynasty by establishing descent from the early Merovingians as well as from a family of Roman senatorial origin[45].

Further confusion is added by the Gesta Episcoporum Mettensis which names "Agiulfus" as sixth bishop of Metz, stating that "patre ex nobili senatorum familia orto, ex Chlodovei regis Francorum filia procreatus", and that "nepos ipsius…Arnoaldus" succeeded him as bishop[46], the alleged senatorial and Merovingian ancestry appearing to provide the basis for the 9th century genealogy although the latter assigns the descent to what appears to be a different Arnold.

The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensis makes no family connection between Arnulf and his predecessor bishops. Arnulf entered the service of Theodebert King of Austrasia, becoming intendant of the royal domains. Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "Pippinus…principes Francorum…paterni avi eius Arnulfi", specifying that he was "primo maior domus regis post Mettensis episcopus"[49], although no other document has been found which indicates that Arnulf held the position of maior domus in Austrasia.

A charter dated 20 Feb of "Pippinus filius Ansegisili quondam necnon…matrone mea Plectrudis" donating property to the church of St Arnulf at Metz specifies that "domnus et avus noster Arnulphus" was buried in the church[50]. The Vita Chrodegangi Episcopi Mettensis names "primogenitus…Clodulfus" as one of the two sons of "Arnulfum sanctum"[55].

The Annales Xantenses names "Clodulfus" as son of "Arnulfus" when recording that he became bishop after his father died[56].

He was elected Bishop of Metz in According to the tradition of Los, the body of St Amour was conferred to "Hilda, femme du noble Clodolfus"[61].

No other reference to the name of Chlodulf's wife has been found. He is named only in a charter of Emperor Otto I dated 30 Apr , confirming the donation to the church of Metz of property at Russon near Tongres which previously belonged to "Clodulfus … filio suo Aunulfo", and which the latter bequeathed to Pepin on dying[62].

A 9th century genealogy names "Martinum" as the son of "Flodulfus", son of "beatus Arnulfum", specifying that he killed Ebroin at "Ercriaco palatio" and was later elected a bishop[63]. He was killed by a nobleman Gundoen[69]. However, this does not appear to be directly supported by primary source evidence. The epitaph of King Theoderic III and his wife bore the inscription "rex Theodericus…cum coniuge Doda", assumed to be another name by which Rotilde was known[78].

The Gesta Abbatum Fontanellensium names "Wandregisilus" as the first abbot of Fontanelle and in a later passage specifies that he was son of "Walchisus…patruus Pippini ducis Francorum filii Anchisi"[82]. The Vita Ansberti names "princeps Pipinus Ansegisili filius" as "consobrinus…beati patris Wandragisili"[83].

The Annales Xantenses record the death in of "Sanctus Wandregisilus"[84]. The Annales Xantenses name "Pippinus" as son of "Anchisus dux" when recording that he succeeded on the death of his father in [88], although this is misdated. Duke of Austrasia []. He fled from the palace in after opposing maior domus Ebroin.

He became maior domus of Neustria in after the murder of maior domus Berchar[90]. After the death of her husband, she "took everything under her control" according to Fredegar Continuator [99]. The Monumenta Epternacensia records that "Raginfredum maiorem domus" married "Plectrudem"[], but this is not corroborated by other sources. She was regent for her grandson Theodebald, but opposed by her stepson Charles "Martel" whom she imprisoned.

Charles escaped, and defeated the forces of Plectrudis at Vinchy, near Cambrai, 28 May She founded St Maria im Kapitol at Köln. Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "puellam nobilem…Alpaidem" as second wife of Pepin, specifying that she was "soror…Dodonis qui domesticus Pippini principis erat"[]. The midth century Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Alpade, sorore Dodonis, qui sanctum Lambertum episcopum Leodinensem martyrisavit" as second wife of Pepin[].

Settipani[] does not support the theory that Alpais was the sister of Bertrada, mother of Charibert, whose daughter married Pepin King of the Franks, the hypothesis being based on King Pepin and his wife inheriting property from their respective fathers.

Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "Drogo…et Grimoaldus" as sons of Pepin and "legitima sua coniunx Plictrudis", specifying that Drogo was "dux…Campanensium"[]. This is the only example so far identified of a late 7th century creation of a dux apparently assigned to govern a particular territory. The Annales Metenses record the death of Drogo in and his burial "iuxta Mettensem urbem in basilica beati Arnulfi confessoris"[]. Her origin is determined from the charter of "Childebertus rex Francorum" dated 14 Mar which names "Drogus…socer suos…Bercharius…coniuge sui Adaltrute"[].

On the other hand, the Annales Metenses name "Austrudem filia Warattonis quondam…maioris domus derelictam Bertarii" as wife of "Drogonem primogenitum suum [Pippini]"[]. The Gesta Fontanellensium also names Adaltrudis, wife of Drogo, as "filia Warattonis [et] Ansfledis coniugis eius"[], but the charter is probably a more reliable source as, if it is correctly dated, it was written only a few years after the death of Berchar.

His birth date is estimated by Settipani on the assumption that he was no longer a minor at the time of this first recorded attestation[]. A charter dated 25 Jun , classified as spurious in the collection, purports to record the donation by "Hugo sacerdos et germanus meus…Arnulfus dux nec non Pippinus et Godefridus" to the church of Metz which names "genitorem nostrum…Drogonem…avus noster Pippinus", subscribed by "Milonis, Widonis comitis, Remberti comitis, Lamtberti comitis, Warnarii comitis"[].

In , Arnoul conspired with his brothers against their uncle Charles "Martel". If Arnoul had children see below , the name of his wife is not known. It is possible that Arnoul left descendants in Upper Lotharingia: The Annales Metenses name "Drogoni…filium…Hugonem" and record that he was brought up by "matrona Ansfredis avia sua relicta uxor Warattonis"[].

Assuming that the reference to Ansfredis is correct, she was the great-grandmother of Hugo not his grandmother, if the origin of Hugo's mother is correct as identified above. He is named as son of Drogo and Adeltrude in the Gesta Fontanellensium[].

Abbé de Saint-Denis, Jumièges et Fontenelle. Pepin revolted with his brothers Arnoul and Godefroi against their uncle Charles "Martel" in A charter dated 20 Feb , classified as spurious in the collection, purports to record the donation of "Godefridus dux filius Drogonis" to Metz St Arnulf[], although it is unlikely that Godefroi was born at that date.

Godefroi revolted with his brothers Arnoul and Pepin against their uncle Charles "Martel" in Settipani[] suggests that Godefroi was the father of Humbert Comte de Bourges, who died after Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "Drogo…et Grimoaldus" as sons of Pepin and "legitima sua coniunx Plictrudis"[]. His father named him maior domus in Neustria[] in [], and in Burgundy in []. His father created him dux in Champagne and dux of the Burgunds in The Annales Metenses record that, after the death of Drogo, "Pippino genitore suo" appointed "germanus eius Grimoaldus" to succeed "in principatum"[].

Her marriage is referred to by the Continuator of Fredegar, which does not give her name[]. The date of the marriage is provided by the Annales Metenses which record the marriage in of "Grimoaldus" and "filiam Radboldi ducis Frisionum"[]. The name of Grimoald's mistress is not known.

Grimoald had one illegitimate son by Mistress The Annales Metense name "Grimoaldi filium eius parvulum ex concubina nata nomine Theodaldum" when recording his appointment as maior domus for King Dagobert II[].

He was legitimate according to the Monumenta Epternacensia which names "Theodaldum, filium Grimoaldi…ex Theodesina filia regis Rabodi"[]. After the death of his father, his grandfather Pepin chose Theodald as his heir although he was still a child. His paternal grandmother appointed him maior domus in Austrasia in He was opposed by his uncle Charles "Martel", but fled after the battle of Compiègne 26 Sep []. The Annales Alammanici record in that "Theodaldus interfectus est"[]. He succeeded his father in as maior domus in Austrasia.

Childebrand was either the illegitimate son of Pepin "le Gros" by an unknown mistress or his second son by his second [wife] Chalpais. He is described as "germanus" of Charles "Martel" by the Continuator of Fredegar, in the part which Childebrand himself sponsored[].

Historian, he was the author of part of the continuations of the chronicle of Fredegar written during the reign of King Pepin The Continuator of Fredegar names Nibelung as son of Childebrand, specifying that he assumed his father's work on the chronicle after the latter died[]. He was imprisoned by his father's first wife after his father died[].

However, the Neustrians revolted against Plectrudis, Charles escaped, was at first defeated by the Neustrians, but won the battle of Amblève, near Liège, in He was victorious at Vinchy, near Cambrai, 28 May after which Chilperic II King of Neustria fled with his maior domus, leaving Charles unchallenged to succeed as maior domus in Austrasia.

He conquered the Saxons in and the Frisians in when he captured Utrecht. He conquered the Neustrians, together with their ally Eudes Duke of Aquitaine, in He extended his authority to other French provinces: Hunald Duke of the Aquitanians swore allegiance to him in , he subjugated Burgundy and Provence in In , he omitted to nominate a successor on the death of King Theoderic IV, signalling the effective end of the Merovingian monarchy.

The Continuator of Fredegar records the same date for his death and his burial place[]. The Annales Laureshamenses record the death in of "Hortrudis"[]. The Annales Mosellani record the death in of "Chrothrud"[].

Settipani quotes a name list in the Liber confraternitatum augiensis which reads in part "Karolus maior domus, Pippin rex…Karolus imperator…Ruadtrud, Ruadheid, Svanahild regina, Bertha regina, Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina…"[]. He makes the obvious links between "Karolus maior domus…Svanahild regina", "Pippin rex…Bertha regina" and "Karolus imperator…Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina", deducing that "Ruadtrud, Ruadheid" must also be linked logically to "Karolus maior domus" because of the order in which the names are listed.

The primary source which specifically names the first wife of Charles "Martel" has not been identified. The precise parentage of Suanachildis is not known. Einhard names "Swannhilde neptem Odilonis ducis Baioariorum" as the mother of Grifo[]. The precise relationship between Suanhilde and Pilitrude, who was the wife in turn of the brothers Grimoald and Theodoald, has not been identified. She instigated the marriage of her stepdaughter to Odilo Duke of Bavaria according to the Continuator of Fredegar[].

After the death of her husband, she incited her son to rebel against her stepsons. She was defeated and sent to the monastery of Chelles, Seine-et-Marne. Settipani quotes a name list in the Liber confraternitatum augiensis, quoted above under Chrothrudis first wife of Charles "Martel", concluding that "Ruadtrud, Ruadheid" must be linked logically to "Karolus maior domus" because of the order in which the names are listed[].

Einhard names "Karlomannum…et Pippinum atque Grifonem" as the three sons of "Karlus maior domus" when recording the latter's death[].

He succeeded his father as maior domus, jointly with his brother Pepin. They deprived their half-brother Grifo of his inheritance, and defeated him after he rebelled against them. In the division of territories agreed with his brother, Carloman governed Austrasia, Alemannia, Thuringia and northern Alsace. The brothers were faced with revolts in Frisia, Bavaria, Alemannia and Aquitaine.

As a symbolic assertion of their authority, they nominated Childeric III as [Merovingian] king in Einhard records that "Karlomannus" was in Saxony at "castrum Hohseoburg" and there accepted the surrender of "Theodericum Saxonem illius loci primarium" in []. In , Carloman's brother Pepin appropriated the province of Alemannia for himself.

Carloman reasserted his authority with an expedition against the Alemans in , massacring the leaders who had betrayed him to his brother. This triggered the defection of his other supporters, and Carloman relinquished power. The Annales Moselleni record the death in of "Karlamannus"[]. The name of Carloman's wife is not known.

He succeeded his father in as maior domus. His uncle Pepin set him aside in and sent him to a monastery where he died soon after. Settipani refers to texts which refer to "the children of Carloman" without naming them, but he does not cite these sources[]. He succeeded his father as maior domus jointly with his brother Carloman. The Continuator of Fredegar names "Chiltrudis" as daughter of Charles "Martel", stating that her "wicked stepmother" incited her to joined Odilo of Bavaria whom she married without the permission of her brothers[].

The Annales Moselleni record the death in of "Hildtrud"[]. His brother-in-law Carloman invaded Bavaria, and Odilo was forced to recognise Frankish suzerainty in He suggests that "Hiltrudis" was the wife of Odilo Duke of Bavaria, and therefore that all three sisters were daughters of Charles "Martel".

The theory is attractive but not conclusive, as its validity depends on there being no other contemporary Hiltrudis, which is not provable. If it is correct, there is no indication about the mother of Landrada and Aldana.

Hlawitschka highlights the case against the affiliation[]. Einhard names "Karlomannum…et Pippinum atque Grifonem" as the three sons of "Karlus maior domus" when recording the latter's death, specifying that "Grifo…minor natu…matrem habuit Swannhilde neptem Odilonis ducis Baioariorum"[].

His father bequeathed to Grifo the central part of his territory, but his stepbrothers Carloman and Pepin deprived him of this inheritance and split the land between themselves. Grifo rebelled, incited by his mother, but was defeated at Laon and imprisoned by Carloman at Neufchâteau in the Ardennes[]. He was released in by his brother Pepin and fled to Saxony, where he raised an army although armed conflict was avoided[].

According to the Royal Frankish Annals, in Pepin granted Grifo the duchy of Mans and twelve counties in Neustria, although the source does not identify these counties more precisely[]. The Continuator of Fredegar records that in "germanus ipsius rege…Gripho" fled once more and allied himself with Waifar Duke of the Aquitanians[].

Grifo rebelled yet again, in alliance with the Bretons. He fled to Lombardy to join Aistulf King of the Lombards but was caught and killed while he was passing the Alps by "Theudoeno comite Viennense…et Frederico Ultraiurano comite"[], two of Pepin's supporters. His escape to Italy, capture and death at the hands of "Theodoino comite in valle Maurienna" is also recorded in the Annales Laurissenses[].

The name of Grifo's wife is not known. Settipani refers to a commemorative name list from Remiremont in which the names "Griffo, Carolus" follow immediately after another "Griffo", which may indicate that the former were sons of the latter[], although even if this is correct there is no proof that the latter Grifo was the same person as the son of Charles "Martel". Bishop of Rouen The Annales Moselleni record the death in of "Remigius et Bernehardus"[]. He was chosen to succeed as maior domus of Neustria after the defeat of Theudebald in [].

He was defeated by Charles "Martel" at Vinchy in Sep and fled[]. Fredegar records that "Warnecharius maior domi Teuderici" died in the fourth year of the reign of King Theudebert II[]. Maior domus in Burgundy Fredegar records that "Bertoaldus genere Francos" was installed as maior domus in the eighth year of the reign of King Theoderic II, commenting that he was "morebus mensuratus, sapiens et cautus, in prilio fortis, fidem cum omnibus servans"[].

The king sent him to inspect the lands along the Seine to the Channel but he was attacked by Merovech, son of King Clotaire II, and fled to Orléans before being defeated and killed near Etampes[]. Fredegar records that "Protadius patricius" succeeded as maior domus in Burgundy after the death of "Wandalmaro ducis in pago Ultraiorano et Scotingorum", in the ninth year of King Theoderic's reign, at the instigation of Queen Brunechilde[].

In a later passage, Fredegar records that he was installed as maior domus in Burgundy in the tenth year of King Theoderic's reign, at the instigation of Queen Brunechilde[].

According to Fredegar, he was "monstrously cruel, extorting the last penny for the fisc and with ingenuity filling the fisc and enriching himself"[]. After supporting Queen Brunechilde in her incitement of King Theoderic to attack his brother King Theodebert, he was attacked at Quierzy by the forces of the former[].

Fredegar records that "Claudius de genere Romanus" was appointed maior domus in the eleventh year of King Theoderic's reign. He was "resolute and full of good advice…he took note of what had happened to his predecessors and behaved quietly", his one disadvantage being his "excessive corpulence, the result of overeating"[].

Fredegar records that he helped Queen Brunechilde secure the accession of King Sigebert II after the death of the latter's father in , but defected to King Clotaire II after discovering a plot to kill him[]. In reward, King Clotaire confirmed his appointment as maior domus of Burgundy and swore that he should never be deposed from this office during his lifetime[]. Fredegar records the death of "Warnacharius maior domi" in the 43rd year of the reign of King Clotaire II[].

After his death, King Clotaire II assumed direct control over Burgundy and appointed no successor maior domus[]. She married secondly her stepson Godin. Fredegar records that, after the death of "Warnacharius maior domi", "filius eius Godinus" married his stepmother "Bertane", in the same year, after which he was forced to flee to Austrasia where he took refuge in the church of St Epure.

King Clotaire II permitted him to return on condition that he repudiated his wife, but afterwards ordered him to be killed[]. Fredegar records that "Arneberti duci", married to "Godini germanam", led the group sent by King Clotaire II to kill his brother-in-law[].

Fredegar records that "Flaogatum genere Franco" was chosen as maior domus of Burgundy in [] on the visit of Queen Nantechildis to Burgundy[]. He was the enemy of the patrician Willebad which resulted in a bitter struggle in both Burgundy and Neustria[].

Fredegar records his death from fever after the battle with Willebad, and his place of burial[]. Fredegar records that "Flaogatum" married "Nantilde regina…neptemque suam…Ragnoberta", apparently not arranged by the queen who was "plotting a different project which seems not to have been according to the will of God"[].

Presumably this insinuates that Queen Nantechildis was Flaochad's mistress. Fredegar records that "Amalbertus…germanus Flaochelo" supported his brother in the latter's dispute with Willebad[].

It is not known whether these two passages refer to the same Amalbert. Maior domus of Neustria in []. The Vita Aldegundis names "Gundelandi et Landerici" as "avunculorum" of "beata virgo Aldegundis"[].

The text could mean that Gundolandus and Landeric were brothers, although other interpretations are possible. The precise date of death of Gundolandus is difficult to assess.

Risultati 1 - 10 su circa 2. Tutti questi elementi agalmonici si ripetono nel sito staufico di Villa di Briano da Wilhelmus Abbas ostenta la sindone dal capitello dell'abbazia Avril de Saint Genis. Come mai i documenti inediti di Federico II, sul possesso delle reliquie,per caso poi confermati dai MGH , da un ritrovamento dello storico Gabriele Reina, erano nelle cappelle della famiglia della principessa Yasmin che ha materialmente ritrovato le reliquie e le bende di Cristo, facendo luce su due secoli di buio sulla sindone che era nel suo casato?

Tutto il mondo ha sempre ignorato che Federico II fosse in possesso della sindone. Biancheri ha messo molta carne a cuocere. Vengo ad alcune osservazioni, altre le rimando a un prossimo intervento. Nel sito della casata e nei siti collegati si sbandierano riproduzioni di quotidiani che annunciano la scoperta delle bende della Sindone da parte della principessa.

Si dice che la Chiesa e il prof. Baima Bollone avrebbero dato parere positivo alla teoria del possesso della Sindone da parte di Federico II.

Nessuno dei testi più recenti, fra cui proprio quelli di Baima Bollone, parla di un possesso della sindone da parte di Federico II. Dal all'ostensione di Lirey, dopo Otto de la Roche, qualcuno ha azzardato l'ipotesi che la Sindone sia stata in possesso dei Templari, ma non ci sono prove. Che la "Historia Fridericis Imperatoris Magni" MGH riporti che fra le reliquie degli Hohenstaufen ci siano stati sindone, sudario e bende, non è una prova: Tecla, le piume delle ali dell'arcangelo Gabriele, il sacro prepuzio di Gesù, eccetera.

Sulla scia della teoria di Santo Graal uguale Sang Real i Saint Clair nel sito della casata e nei siti collegati si legge che il Sang Real si sarebbe perpetuato negli Hohenstaufen. Kantorowicz, alle pagine 56 e 71 riferisce sulle origini dei Waiblingen, che autori medievali Ottone di Frisinga "Cronaca", Goffredo di Viterbo "Speculum" facevano discendere dai Carolingi e dai Salii, e alla lontana dai Troiani. Si chiederà il lettore: Non c'è bisogno di essere storici o araldisti per dare una risposta.

Appellarsi a una discendenza dai Carolingi avrebbe automaticamente escluso le prerogative imperiali della principessa Yasmin, dato che per i Franchi vigeva la legge salica, che escludeva ed esclude tuttora le femmine dallo jus imperii e jus gladii.

Si è invocata una discendenza longobardo-bizantina perchè per longobardi e bizantini anche alle femmine potevano essere trasferite le prerogative reali-imperiali, in mancanza di maschi.

Quel che conviene ai sostenitori della principessa. Non è vero che l'atto costitutivo charter del conte Alessandro Augusto de Grasse-Tilly e non de Grasse-til è un falso. Che cosa c'entra la Massoneria con la dinastia Hohenstaufen. La citazione è di cattivo gusto e controproducente, perchè la persona in questione non godeva buona fama.

Biancheri fa sfoggio di una genealogia dei Franchi. Ma si tratta di una copiatura parziale dal sito http: Si sa che le genealogie reperibili su internet non sono certo affidabili. Troppa carne a cuocere. Connessioni con Massoneria, Graal, Bende, Sindone, ripeto, attirano le critiche di chi non trova riscontri in pubblicazioni veramente accreditate - e non mi si venga a dire che "L'ultimo vento di Aprile di Federico II" è un testo serio quando non è posseduto da nessuna biblioteca italiana!

Meglio sarebbe stato non tirare in ballo cose che fanno tremare le vene dei polsi ai "mostri sacri" della comunità veramente scientifica internazionale. L'impressione conclusiva è che i sostenitori della principessa, anzichè giovare alla causa del casato, in realtà la danneggiano.

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Per quanto mi riguarda, la discussione con lei finisce qui. Evidentemente chi ha la coda di paglia che prende fuoco si e' fatto vivo. Ma sappia che e' tollerato, e che e' agli sgoccioli la pazienza! Potrebbe essere l'unico della sua specie che potrebbe perdere il pelo ed il vizio! E l'argomento per noi e' chiuso.

Chi intende intende, se non intende spiacente! Eccomi, credevate di esservi liberati di me? Aspettavo un intervento dell'avv. Gentiloni ma vedo che si è intimidito. Dopo una brillante partenza pare che abbia esaurito le argomentazioni. Sfidando una denuncia per vilipendio o diffamazione con relativa richiesta di pena di morte come reo di lesa maestà, rilancio la discussione.

E'stato tirato in ballo decine di volte il libro di Pelliccioni di Poli ed è diventato un grande eroe, mentre si sa che lavorava con l'enciclopedia Rizzoli-Larousse oppure inventava. Esistono altri testi maggiormente quotati sulla discendenza di Federico II. Nel libro "I personaggi della storia medievale" Editrice Marzorati di Milano, pubblicazione , c'è un saggio di Augusta Molinari, professoressa di Storia contemporanea dell'Università di Genova, su Manfredi di Svevia.

Ne ho consultato una copia alla libreria Herder. Nel suo testamento Federico II stabilisce l'ordine di successione al trono: Come erede non è nominato Federico d'Antiochia e non c'è cenno all'altro Federico, figlio di Isabella d'Inghilterra, che non si sa perchè, viene nominato Avril de Burey d'Anjou Plantagenet, ecc.

Leggo a caso della sua temeraria supponenza! Diverte la sua baldanza di Novello pulcino che vuol disquisire della Chioccia dalle uova d'oro! Lei combatte contro il sole!

Le reliquie sono state ritrovate nelle cappelle di famiglia dalla principessa Yasmin! Perde il suo tempo. Il cui prodest delle sue affermazioni tentono di legittimare la dinastia di Manfredi, il bastardo che era semplice principe della Capitanata.

Finalmente si e' manifestato! La professoressa che lei cita evidentemente ignora l'originale dei prologhi al testamento di Worms e di certo non e' piu' autorevole del Kanthorowicz,o Scheffer Boichorst che documentano in numerose note bibliografiche l'esistenza di vari frammenti testamentari e dei prologhi al testamento di Worms contenenti un disegno imperiale di successione ai titoli imperiali, in caso di estinzione della linea di Corrado.

Gli Antiochia ebbero solo il rango di conti del Molise e di Celano. Manfredi solo la Capitanata. Secondo archivi segreti del Vaticano, fu per questo che Manfredi soffoco' il padre con il cuscino , dopo aver tentato invano di avvelenarlo. Fu Re Vittorio Emanuele , a italianizzare e modificare il cognome di Heinz , figlio di Elvira Hohenzollern e ad amministrare il suo patrimonio affidatogli di Lady Julie Schwaben, investito ma vaporizzato nel Collegio della scuola di Froebel che a Corradino di Svevia doveva essere dedicato , ma che si chiamo' invece dei Savoia.

Il ministro Minghetti che minacciava di riportare tutto al Kaiser , fu rabbonito , dopo che Il Re in codice scrive al Primo Ministro Lanza di scendere nella valle di Giosafat, e ricorrrere all'arma ,pur di evitare che Minghetti parli del caso del principe curlandese," il cui rango non dev'essere messo in campo poiche' potrebbe essere usato dai nemici e mettere in pericolo il Regno. L'unita' d'Italia fu finanziata dall'eredita' di Elvira Hohenzollern madre di Heinz.

L'isola di Caprera formalmente donato a Garibaldi da Elpis Malena che era il nome di Lady Speranza Schwarz fu acquistata con i fondi dell'eredita' dell'ultimo svevo curlandese. Anche l'aquila sveva stemma degli Avril scomparve e solo nel , dietro Denunce delle Fondazioni e' finalmente ricomparsa, negli armoriali di Francia e nell'enciclopedia delle Famiglie nobili di Francia ,con il motto Fortis Renascitur Proles e lo stemma dell'aquila sveva. E' la stessa nota dell'Enciclopedia che riporta che lo stemma Aigle de Sable sostituisce il pregresso per un errore che risale dalla dinastia angioina.

La risposta ,pare che sia in un altro sito, su cui il prof Lancellotti ha risposto, ma dubitando della stessa esistenza dei nomi dei suoi interlocutori,supponendo siano degli usurpatori.

Basta con i pataccari! Vi sono in realta' obiettive censure praticate dai vincitori che avevano tutto l'interesse a cancellare le dinastie pregresse. E' il caso degli Hohenstaufen. Ma vi e' una abissale differenza tra chi si chiamava Aprile della Santa Progenie Sveva Sicena Anglicana Buren Stauferich Anjou , il cui stemma e' l'aquila sveva e chi vuole tale titolo usurpare attraverso attestati di peli o inesistenti figli delle corna di mogli!

Non e' concesso a nessuno cancellare la realta' dei fatti! Adelchi non mori' a Brescia, ma a Costantinopoli, ove muto' nome ed ove concorse all'Impero Bizantino , quale stirpe di Costantino e Potior Valens Valentiniani. Anche Macedonio, dinastia imperiale dell'imperatore Macedonio, ha subito le medesime censure. Addirittura negli armoriali e' estinta.

Eppure l'ultimo ciabattino di questo mondo collega di un neo re adottato da un vecchio omosessuale impostore , con domande rimaste senza risposta su presunte manomissione di pergamene e date, su neo predicati aggiunti ,si permettono di offendere i veri discendenti di cotanta prosapia! Togliete le pulci che osano infilarsi tra le piume delle vere aquile! Siamo stanchi dei pataccari ed impostori!

Istaoper Friius Recescegene Sveva La Tomba di Federico VI figlio di Staufen o Staufer o Ex Freya ,Aprile13 ott Rinasce la Dinastia Aprile Staufen o Staufer o Ex Freya , Ve l'immaginate voi i giudici o il commisario anticrimine che perseguiti o denunci Saviano?

Cosi' sarebbe se Stramaglia Giuseppe risultasse colui che appare sul sito di Barbaccia, o comunque suo parente? Devo ammettere che il volume "I personaggi della storia medievale" è insufficiente per affrontare una discussione approfondita perchè una cosa è la designazione di un erede al trono da parte di Federico II e altra è la complessa genealogia della sua numerosa progenie.

Non sono un partigiano di Manfredi peraltro, e non so neppure se qualcuno si vanti di essere da lui disceso. Ho dato una sbirciatina rapida: Figli di Isabella d'Inghilterra: Non è quindi esatto che visse fino al e che abbia sposato Elisabetta d'Austria, come si legge nel sito http: Acquaviva mi ha nominato come Novello pulcino e posso anche accettarlo datosi che fino a pochi mesi fa non ero addentro alle questioni del medioevo.

Non mi sembra opportuno l'epiteto perchè chioccia, cioè gallina, ha una connotazione negativa se riferito a una donna. Capito a caso, e non comprendo l'interesse per la dinastia di Federico II in un sito che parla dei Savoia. Dovreste essere piu' attinenti al tema. Se e' per questo vi sono libri che non parlano nemmeno dell'esistenza di Federico di Sicilia , quindi lei , Signor Steno,scopre l'acqua calda.

La circostanza che un testo porti che abbia vissuto un anno e' riferito a Kind Federico e non a Federico di Sicilia. Alcuni libri lo chiamano Agnese,o Kind Kind e' bambino in senso indifferenziato sbagliando con una sorellina morta ad un anno. Il patto non fu concluso per reciproca diffidenza. Sia i pastorali che gli armoriali riportano in traduzione dal provenzale e dal latino Rinasce la stirpe Aprile della Santa progenie Sveva Sicena anglicana fonte vedi anche crittogrammi di Saint Genis E' disdicevole comunque il confronto storico che degeneri in rissa.

Sarebbe auspicabile uno scambio civile di informazioni. Lo stemma degli Aprile della Santa progenie sveva sicena anglicana e' l'aquila sveva! Finalmente una persona aperta allo scambio civile di informazioni. Sono contento della risposta del prof.

Da dove sono tratte, precisamente, le notizie da lui riferite circa Federico di Sicilia? Chi ne è l'autore? Questo testo mi è irreperible nelle librerie. Ho chiesto a un amico che sa maneggiare il computer meglio di me, di controllare il sito delle biblioteche italiane.

Non risulta posseduto da nessuna biblioteca. Del Santo quel morir non m'è indulgente". Non conosco il testo cui fa riferimento. Basta attenersi tuttavia al Dictionnaire des familles nobles de Frances e le noti di correzioni risalenti al , da cui emerge che la dinastia Avril de Saint Genis ou Burey Anjou e' la Istaufer Friius o Staufer Recescegene Sveva sicana vocant fontanas se ricordo bene dal provenzale o Avril o Aprilis Sancta Propago Sveva Sicana spinon ex pinon del pino, albero, in quanto lo stemma e' l'aquila sveva oppure un pino verdeggiante, il cui motto e' Fortis Renascitur proles ou semper virens.

In Russia detta anche Apraxin Verdereskji ovvero Aprile Semper virens , il cui stemma del pino verdeggiante e' indizio urgente di parentela, infatti negli armoriali di Provenza chiamasi Aprilis Semper Virens La dinastia e' anche detta in Normandia Avril de Niphi Nero' ou d' Imavrincour de Masquinad nascosta Avril de Bourcane Avril de Plante che traduce Aprile,niphi nero' , venere , dinastia nascosta del Re mascherato di Buren Khan , il re di Buren de plante sta per plantagenet ovvero Anjou.

Com e si nota il predicato santa progenie sveva sicena e' consustanziale ontologicamente al cognome Aprile. A Lyon dit Avril Griffon de Lanslebourg , vedi la cloche de la princess Annemarie Aprile , il cui stemma e' il leone a fronte del grifone, lo stesso di Saint Genis Saintonge.

Vedo che e' interessato , ma vi sono siti amatoriali che citano fonti raggiungibili anche telematicamente. Il cognome hohenstaufen traduce Saint Genis, in quanto Santa Progenie traduce Ari Matea, ovvero altezza divina o divina progenie, hohen significa Altezza, Staufen stirpe,quindi Stirpe Alta, divina.

Ed il cerchio si chiude e chudo anch'io , augurandole una santa notte. Veramente la menzione del libro "L'ultimo vento di aprile di Federico II" l'avevo trovata proprio nel sito http: Mi dispiace di aver scomodato il prof. Markale per questi magri risultati. Ecco la Santa Propago Sveva Sicana: Si chiama Avril de Saint Genis , aquila sveva.

Correzione del Annuaire de la noblesse française. Certamente sara' riconoscente lo storico romanziere, Markale, di conoscere l'identita' della favola del suo misterioso conte di Boron in Provenza in realta' il principe Avril de Burey conte d'Anjou titolo dei Plantagenets o Buren Anjou che nei campi di Grano sfamava i poveri, loro mostrando le Bende di Cristo.

Era semplicemente un antenato della principessa Yasmin che quelle Bende ha ereditato e messo in mostra con la ratifica del Vaticano. Abbiamo rintracciato un riferimento simile al Conte di Bouron che e' molto interessante , da parte dello Storico Siniscalchi su un sito che parla di sindone, da parte del Prof.

Siniscalchi Anche il libro Profezia della sindone di Baschera ed. Me-pag 91 narra del conte di Bouron o Buren o Biron che in Provenza ostentava la sindone, nei campi di grano. La Leggenda del Vecchio Conte di Buron , trae origine da canti Medievali che narrano ,in Provenza, del Conte di Buren,nei Pirenei Biron ,fece un voto ,di mettere a disposizione il castello ed i campi di grano per quei pellegrini che di passaggio avean bisogno di rifocillarsi , mostrando la Sindone , a titolo gratuito.

Non e' un caso che la Principessa Yasmin abbia trovato i documenti che confermano tale circostanza e che sia l'erede delle Bende e delle reliquie custodite dai Buren o Biron, comunque rami des Avril de Burey Anjou Schwaben.

Del resto il nome avito di Federico era proprio Buren! Si narra che il conte di Bouron possedesse terre coltivate a grano, ma che i visitatori della Sindone fossero talmente tanti che la farina non bastava piu: Il conte di Bouron o Burey o Buren, obbligato da un voto , avvilito chiese al Gesu' di provvedere Giunse il tempo di tagliare il grano, e le spighe erano cosi' grosse che erano genuflesse in terra ,quasi stessero pregando Una volta tagliate le spighe, il giorno seguente nascevano nuove spighe.

Il Conte di Buren vide passare un'aquila nei campi e vide una mano che offriva una spiga di grano. Traccia di questa casata e' nel motto Fortis renascitur Proles e nello stemma di Saint Genis ove appare una mano di Dio che in campo di grano offre un germoglio alla sinistra araldica, l'aquila sveva.

E' l'arma avita della Principessa Yasmin. Sui Capitelli dell'abbazia des Avril de Saint Genis Burey Anjou, c'e' proprio il conte di Buren , divenuto abbate che mostra la sindone! Postato sabato, 15 novembre alle 9: Ringrazio della risposta i forumisti intervenuti in favore del casato Avril etc.

Innanzi tutto vorrei chiarire che il prof. Markale da me nominato non è Jean Markale lo storico dei templari ma Olivier-Sebastien Markale, che non mi sembra abbia rapporti di parentela col più famoso Jean. Già che ci sono vorrei chiarire anche che non ho rapporti di parentela col famoso araldista Marcello G. Novello, storico e forumista di iagiforum. Non c'è alcun dubbio che la casata Avril de Burey esiste ma ripeto quello che ho già detto: Avevo già consultato il sito indicato e faccio solo notare che, nei documenti originali esibiti in fotoriproduzione del Centre Historique des Archives Nationales e del Dictionnaire des familles françaises circa la famiglia Avril o Apuril non c'è alcuna connessione con gli Hohenstaufen.

Poi ci sono tavole con genealogie scritte da mano recente, e non c'è l'indicazione del compilatore. Altre indicazioni genealogiche sono difficili da controllare, anche se indubbiamente suggestive.

Ma Questo Signore non ne accezza una. Fa delle gaffes spaventose e comincia sempre d'accapo! Abbiamo solo l'impressione che Codesto Signore ed il Suo amico illustre sconosciuto Markale, sia come quelle vecchie mogli racchie e tradite che di fronte alla bellezza lapalissiana ,sfolgorante di una rivale ventenne che ha tutte le virtu' , non si diano pace pur di trovarle un difetto Se ne faccia una ragione Si consoli dedicandosi alla calzetta o al lifting!

Non cerchi i nei della sua rivale Ed adesso liberi il mondo della sua inutile , infruttuosa , livorosa e presuntuosa , infantile ottusita'. La Storia non ha bisogno di Lei, ma di spiriti disinteressati ed acuti. Abbiamo solo l'impressione che Lei odi gratuitamente la principessa Yasmin perche' in qualche modo disturba i suoi interessi! Lei o non vuol capire o vuole perdere tempo! Ma dov'e' la difficoltà?

Trattasi solo di varianti linguistiche , ma il nome e' lo stesso. Se i Pastorali e lo stesso dizionario ammettono che fino al , e' stato nascosto sia lo stemma dell'aquila sveva e l'origine vera di tale nome, ci dev'essere un motivo! Nessuno scopre l'acqua calda se rivela che il nome e' la traduzione e che Federico Avril de Burey Anjou e' indicato come Hohenstaufen o Souabe: E non era forse la madre di Federico una plantageneta?

E Se Federico II dona l'isola di Dino ai cistercensi e un Burey , detto anche Buren, familiare di Taylleran , imparentato gia' alla dinastia curlandese riformista e liberale e' Duca dell'Isola di Dino , nonche' conte di Wirtemberg ,Burey Anjou , ramo cadetto nel casato des Avril de Burey Anjou de Saint Genis, vi sono le medesime pergamene originali della donazione dell'Isola di dino ai monaci, e le reliquie di Cristo, tra cui le bende di Cristo, mentre il mondo nemmeno sapeva che la sindone fosse di Federico II, tutto questo e' solo un caso?

Ed i Crittogrammi e microfilm di Filadelfia Supremo Consiglio del legittimo Scozzesimo che traslarono l'intero chiostro interno con i Crittogrammi e l'archivio , con il pretesto che un virus stava deturpando i marmi ed i crittogrammi , non si sono voluti accaparrare le prove della sopravvivenza della Santa Propago di Saint Genisi?

Qui c'e' un vero Re piu' dei Savoia! Qui c'e' persino la prova che Vittorio Emanuele nel ordino' che non fosse messo in campo il cognome degli Hohenstaufen , perche' si sarebbe lui stesso trovato senza, in quanto Savoia e' solo un titolo di Provenienza , ma il vero cognome era Avril de Saint Genis de Savoie, in quanto Biancamano era semplicemente un figlio illegittimo e cadetto della stessa dinastia!

Spesso capita che la fortuna giri e che un vero Re Legittimo debba sopportare gli affronti del bastardo! Cosi' e' successo all'ultimo Hohenstaufen! I Savoia da Conti, familiari degli Hohenstaufen , tolsero persino il titolo di Principe di Curlandia all'ultimo svevo.

Ma questo solo in Italia! Infatti il riferimento all'incompetenza della Consulta Araldica sui titoli del casato del Casato Aprile della Santa Progenie Sveva Sicana , e' ratificata dall'art. Riporta tuttavia principales alleances: Plantagenets , Lancaster ,Comneno.

Ho conosciuto il Padre della principessa Yasmin. Amava scrivere , con la sua preziosa grafia gotica, su una carta di pergamena , ai nobili , che recava stampato dei versi di Shakespeare: Oh se la vostra recente nobilta' potesse capire cosa significhi perderla e ritrovarsi infelice Postato domenica, 23 novembre alle 1: Rispondo in ordine di postazione. A Curatola rispondo che, in quanto uomo DOC, non posso odiare la principessa Yasmin, perchè è indubbiamente una gentildonna di cultura e di stile.

E come potrebbe disturbare i miei interessi? Rivendico forse io qualche diritto dinastico? Non credo proprio anche perchè non sono monarchico dei Savoia.

E non sono nemmeno di sinistra: A Serena Pallavicini rispondo che le cose che dice si leggono in decine di altri interventi e nel sito della casata. Quello che manca sono le indicazioni bibliografiche, senza le quali il discorso diventa incontrollabile. Dove si leggono i Pastorali, gli Armoriali russi, le pergamene di donazione? A Ruperti rispondo che le cose che dice si leggono in decine di altri interventi e nel sito della casata.

La discendenza da re Desiderio-Adelchi-Poto, ed anche da Costantino, Galla Placidia, ritenuti antenati di Federico II, da quali autorevoli trattati di genealogia o storia sarebbe documentata? A Rinaldi rispondo che è lodevole il fatto che Giuseppe Aprile padre della principessa Yasmin abbia salvato migliaia di ebrei.

Dove potrei leggere qualche ulteriore notizia? Quanto alla citazione di Kantorowicz, Ernst, Federico II imperatore, faccio notare che in questo volume, di ben pagine, non c'è alcuna menzione di Federico figlio di Isabella d'Inghilterra: Se poi ho annoiato tutti con le mie disquisizioni, il rimedio è facile: Non conosco tutte le fonti , per fatti ormai ovvi.

Il nonno della principessa Yasmin, si chiamava Aprile della Santa progenie Hohenstaufen principe di Curlandia e Vittorio Emanuele non volle mettere in campo tale cognome , in Italia. Vi sono scritti autografi del Re Vittorio Emanuele. Avere tale cognome e Stemma non significa chiamarsi Pinco Pallina. Ma cercare cio' che e' ormai manifesto e' semplice: Ha controllato le fonti citate dal volume l'Ultimo vento d'Aprile ed Brumar; il -Die Zeit der Staufer;l'archivio di stato Santacroce lettera H Hohenstaufen e le fonti dei tre interventi?

I Pastorali sono semplicemente consultabili rivolgendosi alle fonti delle Abbazie citate. Consideri inoltre che la cloitre Avril de Saint Genis des Fontaines , con il sarcofago di Frederic Avril de Burey Anjou ou Avril de Saint Genis Ou Aprilis Stoffensi Domi, , con plaques , crittogrammi Stoffensi Domi fu traslato completamente a Filadelfia, presso il Supremo Consiglio del Mondo della Massoneria Universale, che non ha piu' restituito alla Francia ne' archivi , ne' pastorali, ne' marmi recanti con l'aigle de sable testimonianza della dinastia.

Com e riportava il supremo Ispettore Della Massoneria Italiana Elvio Sciubba , nel 92 ,Il Supremo Consiglio del Mondo di Filadelfia ,chiese all'ultima erede della dinastia sveva sicana anglicana la ratifica del Supremo Consiglio del Mondo Logge Madri Usa,a Washington , avendo appreso che il charter di de Grasse-til su cui si fondava tale Supremo Magistero era un falso apocrifo: La circostanza che la principessa Yasmin abbia reliquie di Federico II, il nome,lo stemma, documenti, archivi, e' solo un fenomeno magico o casuale, secondo lei?

Perche' poi cerca in cielo cio' che ha sotto gli occhi? Non c'e' maggior sordo di chi non vuol sentire! Consiglio gli interlocutori di parlare del clima Non e' un sito ufficiale, ma porta le fonti di Meomartini e Lettieri dei Puoti di Castelpoto, pronipoti di Re Desiderio. This document sets out the families of Merovingian Frankish nobility from the 6th to the mid-8th centuries. The families of the maiores domus of the three Merovingian kingdoms of Austrasia, Burgundy and Neustria are set out in chapters 1, 2 and 3 of this document.

During Merovingian times, the "maior domus" was the head of the royal household. The earliest reference so far identified to a maior domus in the kingdom of Neustria dates from the last decade of the 6th century. Maiores domus are recorded in the kingdom of Burgundy between the s and [], when the kingdom was ruled by the Merovingian Franks.

On the death of Warnachar [II] in , the Burgundian nobles decided to have no further maior domus but to be ruled directly by the king[2], although Queen Nantechildis appointed Flaochad as maior domus of Burgundy in He is the last recorded maior domus in Burgundy.

The traditional view of the maiores domus at the Merovingian courts is that they assumed a dominant role in the kingdoms of Austrasia and Neustria, and relegated the kings to a subservient position, which justified the general nickname "les rois fainéants" which has often been applied to these monarchs.

This appears to over-simplify the situation. It is true that after the death of King Childebert III in the throne passed to a series of weak kings, whose accession was manipulated by different factions of nobles in the two kingdoms, until in maior domus Pepin [III] "le Bref" declared himself King of the Franks with Papal approval and ended the Merovingian kingdom. Only one of the seven surviving charters of King Childeric II names his maior domus Wulfoald, and only one of the twelve surviving charters of king Theoderic III names three of his past maiori domus as well as his current maior domus Berchar.

It is accepted that there is no way of knowing what proportion the surviving charters represent of the total amount of documentation produced at court. In addition, charters do not necessarily provide conclusive proof, as they mainly relate to day-to-day administrative activities in religious and judicial areas.

However, the numbers are striking and suggest that the traditional view deserves some reassessment. Contemporary documentation includes references to numerous other Merovingian nobles, with the title dux, comes, or an administrative title which refers to their role at court.

These are set out in Chapter 4 of this document. From the late 6th to the late 7th centuries, the primary sources name numerous Merovingian nobles with the title dux.

A territorial attribution is applied to some of these individuals, but the majority are not linked to any specific area of the Frankish kingdom. More than twenty duces without specified territories have been identified. In addition, duces are named in Auvergne, Champagne, Gascony and Transjurania part of the kingdom of Burgundy during the 7th century, although the documentation does not reveal whether the individuals who successively held these titles were related or not.

It is suggested that the Merovingian duces were primarily military appointees, in line with the Roman tradition, and that their jurisdiction over local areas, if any, was limited to military purposes. This hypothesis appears corroborated by the relative absence of duces from surviving Merovingian charters, which suggests that the duces fulfilled little formal role at court. Most of the mentions of these nobles are found in chronicles, in the record of military exploits. Nor does it appear that the early Merovingian duces were regional rulers, like contemporary dukes of neighbouring regions such as Bavaria and Alemannia, whose appointments conferred a large degree of local autonomy in the territories which they administered.

If this had been the case, one would have expected to find their names in contemporary charters relating to property in the territories over which they presided. However, this should not provide a basis for assuming that the 6th and earlier 7th century ducal appointments involved territorial attribution. Few references to Merovingian duces have been found after the mid-7th century.

It is suggested that the practice of appointing duces declined with the rise in power of the maiores domus in the Merovingian Frankish kingdoms, and that the maior domus assumed greater personal control over military affairs to avoid the emergence of rival power bases in the army.

This can be observed particularly in the charters of Kings Clotaire III, Theoderic III, Clovis III, and Childebert III, who reigned between and , although it is recognised that the number of these subscribed charters are too few nine out of the total 46 in the MGH compilation for this period[4], without including the charters classified as spurious to reach definite conclusions about prevailing relating to noble titles.

This suggests that, by this time, the body of counts had established themselves as part of the inner circle of nobles at court, in contrast to the position of the duces in the 6th and 7th centuries. However, the documentation includes no geographical epithets applied to these counts.

In addition, all charters dated before the Carolingian period identify specific locations which are the subject of the grant or donation only by reference to the relevant pagus not a county.

More than a hundred such counts have been identified. The known court titles include comes palatii, grafio, domesticus, and referendarius, presumably in descending order of precedence as shown by the charter dated 28 Feb of King Clovis III, which names individuals in each category in this order[8]. One interesting point relates to the nature of the appointment of the "comes palatii" at the Merovingian court. Presumably these officials were assigned important administrative duties, although the precise nature of these cannot be identified from the available sources.

However, in contrast to the maiores domus, large numbers of successive comes palatii are named in the royal charters. The same person rarely appears more than twice, which suggests that their appointments may have been short-term, the post possibly being held in rotation by senior nobility at court. In addition, in charters which list several named nobles, the comes palatii is not generally named first in the list, suggesting that he held no position of precedence.

In the 7th century the documentation indicates that the comes palatii held a subordinate position at court compared to the maior domus. However, it appears that their position may have evolved over time, possibly replacing that of the maior domus after the accession of the Carolingian dynasty. For example, Wicbert is recorded as the only comes palatii of Pepin I King of the Franks between and [9].

Fredegar records that "Adalgyselus ducis et Aenovales comex Sogiontinsis" led the army of King Sigebert against Radulf Duke of Thuringia, and that "Innowales comex" was killed in battle[11]. It is assumed that Adalgisel ceased to be maior domus before [] when Fredegar records Pepin [I] as maior domus in Austrasia. The following charters suggest that Adalgisel survived the end of his period in power, although it is not certain that they relate to the same person.

In any case, there is some question about the authenticity of this charter as the presence of "Grimoaldo", in a document dated ten years after the death of the only known Duke Grimoald, suggests that the text may have been subject to some alteration. Fredegar names "Otto quidam filius Urones domestici", who was "baiolos Sigyberto" as an adolescent[15].

Fredegar records that "Otto quidam filius Urones domestici", who was "baiolos Sigyberto" as an adolescent, challenged the succession of Grimoald as maior domus in , and was killed by "Leuthario duci Alamannorum" in the 10th year of the reign of King Sigebert[16].

Adviser of King Dagobert I He was banished to Orléans in He was appointed maior domus in Austrasia in ; according to Fredegar he was loved by the Austrasians "for his concern for justice and his goodness"[17]. According to Fredegar, Pepin died about a year after King Dagobert[19].

The Annales Xantenses record the death in of "Pippinus filius Karlomanni, maior domus Lotharii"[20]. The Annales Metenses name "matertera ipsius [Pippini]…virgo Domino consecrate Geretrudis" and record that she founded the monastery "in loco…Nivella cum genitrice sua Itaberga"[21]. The Annales Xantenses name "Begga" as the second daughter of Pepin and record her marriage with "Anchisus dux egregius filius Arnulfi epicopi Mettensium"[24].

Fredegar records that his succession was challenged by "Otto quidam filius Urones domestici", and only assured after Otto was killed "in the tenth year of Sigebert's reign"[27]. A charter dated to [] of "Grimoaldus dux" purports to record his donation to the monastery of Stablo and Malmédy[29]. He tried to usurp the throne after the death in of King Sigebert III, installing his son as king. He was captured by the Neustrians, angry over his interference in the royal succession, tortured and executed.

The name of Grimoald's wife is not known. Settipani[31] summarises the debate on Childebert's paternity, highlighting that 8th century sources could be interpreted as indicating that Childebert, son of King Sigebert, was adopted by Grimoald. He appears to have continued as king despite Grimoald's capture and execution by the Neustrians in Abbess at Nivelles The Vita Geretrudis records the persecution of "sacra puella Vulfetrudis…ex antiquo Francorum genere"[32].

The source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. The Annales Xantenses name "Gerthrudem virginem sanctam" as the first daughter of Pepin[33], although the order of seniority may be due to the precedence accorded in the text to persons of religion.

Co-founder, with her mother, of the abbey of Nivelles, where she was abbess in []. The Annales Metenses name "matertera ipsius [Pippini]…virgo Domino consecrate Geretrudis" and record that she founded the monastery "in loco…Nivella cum genitrice sua Itaberga"[34].

The Cronica Hohenburgensis names "beata Gerdrudis virgo filia Pipini ducis, soror Grimoaldi" as "Nivelensis cenobii mater"[35]. The Annales Xantenses record the death in of "Sancta Gerthrudis"[38].

The Gesta Francorum names "Wolfaldi ducis", specifying that he was succeeded as maior domus in Austrasia by Pepin[41]. The origins of Arnulf are unknown. The Vita Sancti Arnulfi names "Arnulfus episcopus prosapia genitus Francorum" but gives no further details of his ancestry[42]. The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensis names "Arnulfus…ex nobilissimo fortissimoque Francorum stemmate ortus", with no further information on his parentage, as ninth bishop of Metz and "palatii moderator"[43].

A 9th century genealogy names "beatum Arnulfum episcopum" as the son of Arnold[44]. Settipani points out that this genealogy forms part of a series compiled at Metz, from the late 8th century onwards, which glorify the ancestry of the Carolingian dynasty by establishing descent from the early Merovingians as well as from a family of Roman senatorial origin[45].

Further confusion is added by the Gesta Episcoporum Mettensis which names "Agiulfus" as sixth bishop of Metz, stating that "patre ex nobili senatorum familia orto, ex Chlodovei regis Francorum filia procreatus", and that "nepos ipsius…Arnoaldus" succeeded him as bishop[46], the alleged senatorial and Merovingian ancestry appearing to provide the basis for the 9th century genealogy although the latter assigns the descent to what appears to be a different Arnold.

The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensis makes no family connection between Arnulf and his predecessor bishops. Arnulf entered the service of Theodebert King of Austrasia, becoming intendant of the royal domains. Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "Pippinus…principes Francorum…paterni avi eius Arnulfi", specifying that he was "primo maior domus regis post Mettensis episcopus"[49], although no other document has been found which indicates that Arnulf held the position of maior domus in Austrasia.

A charter dated 20 Feb of "Pippinus filius Ansegisili quondam necnon…matrone mea Plectrudis" donating property to the church of St Arnulf at Metz specifies that "domnus et avus noster Arnulphus" was buried in the church[50]. The Vita Chrodegangi Episcopi Mettensis names "primogenitus…Clodulfus" as one of the two sons of "Arnulfum sanctum"[55]. The Annales Xantenses names "Clodulfus" as son of "Arnulfus" when recording that he became bishop after his father died[56].

He was elected Bishop of Metz in According to the tradition of Los, the body of St Amour was conferred to "Hilda, femme du noble Clodolfus"[61]. No other reference to the name of Chlodulf's wife has been found. He is named only in a charter of Emperor Otto I dated 30 Apr , confirming the donation to the church of Metz of property at Russon near Tongres which previously belonged to "Clodulfus … filio suo Aunulfo", and which the latter bequeathed to Pepin on dying[62].

A 9th century genealogy names "Martinum" as the son of "Flodulfus", son of "beatus Arnulfum", specifying that he killed Ebroin at "Ercriaco palatio" and was later elected a bishop[63]. He was killed by a nobleman Gundoen[69]. However, this does not appear to be directly supported by primary source evidence. The epitaph of King Theoderic III and his wife bore the inscription "rex Theodericus…cum coniuge Doda", assumed to be another name by which Rotilde was known[78].

The Gesta Abbatum Fontanellensium names "Wandregisilus" as the first abbot of Fontanelle and in a later passage specifies that he was son of "Walchisus…patruus Pippini ducis Francorum filii Anchisi"[82]. The Vita Ansberti names "princeps Pipinus Ansegisili filius" as "consobrinus…beati patris Wandragisili"[83].

The Annales Xantenses record the death in of "Sanctus Wandregisilus"[84]. The Annales Xantenses name "Pippinus" as son of "Anchisus dux" when recording that he succeeded on the death of his father in [88], although this is misdated.

Duke of Austrasia []. He fled from the palace in after opposing maior domus Ebroin. He became maior domus of Neustria in after the murder of maior domus Berchar[90]. After the death of her husband, she "took everything under her control" according to Fredegar Continuator [99]. The Monumenta Epternacensia records that "Raginfredum maiorem domus" married "Plectrudem"[], but this is not corroborated by other sources.

She was regent for her grandson Theodebald, but opposed by her stepson Charles "Martel" whom she imprisoned. Charles escaped, and defeated the forces of Plectrudis at Vinchy, near Cambrai, 28 May She founded St Maria im Kapitol at Köln. Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "puellam nobilem…Alpaidem" as second wife of Pepin, specifying that she was "soror…Dodonis qui domesticus Pippini principis erat"[].

The midth century Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Alpade, sorore Dodonis, qui sanctum Lambertum episcopum Leodinensem martyrisavit" as second wife of Pepin[]. Settipani[] does not support the theory that Alpais was the sister of Bertrada, mother of Charibert, whose daughter married Pepin King of the Franks, the hypothesis being based on King Pepin and his wife inheriting property from their respective fathers. Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "Drogo…et Grimoaldus" as sons of Pepin and "legitima sua coniunx Plictrudis", specifying that Drogo was "dux…Campanensium"[].

This is the only example so far identified of a late 7th century creation of a dux apparently assigned to govern a particular territory. The Annales Metenses record the death of Drogo in and his burial "iuxta Mettensem urbem in basilica beati Arnulfi confessoris"[]. Her origin is determined from the charter of "Childebertus rex Francorum" dated 14 Mar which names "Drogus…socer suos…Bercharius…coniuge sui Adaltrute"[].

On the other hand, the Annales Metenses name "Austrudem filia Warattonis quondam…maioris domus derelictam Bertarii" as wife of "Drogonem primogenitum suum [Pippini]"[]. The Gesta Fontanellensium also names Adaltrudis, wife of Drogo, as "filia Warattonis [et] Ansfledis coniugis eius"[], but the charter is probably a more reliable source as, if it is correctly dated, it was written only a few years after the death of Berchar.

His birth date is estimated by Settipani on the assumption that he was no longer a minor at the time of this first recorded attestation[]. A charter dated 25 Jun , classified as spurious in the collection, purports to record the donation by "Hugo sacerdos et germanus meus…Arnulfus dux nec non Pippinus et Godefridus" to the church of Metz which names "genitorem nostrum…Drogonem…avus noster Pippinus", subscribed by "Milonis, Widonis comitis, Remberti comitis, Lamtberti comitis, Warnarii comitis"[].

In , Arnoul conspired with his brothers against their uncle Charles "Martel". If Arnoul had children see below , the name of his wife is not known. It is possible that Arnoul left descendants in Upper Lotharingia: The Annales Metenses name "Drogoni…filium…Hugonem" and record that he was brought up by "matrona Ansfredis avia sua relicta uxor Warattonis"[].

Assuming that the reference to Ansfredis is correct, she was the great-grandmother of Hugo not his grandmother, if the origin of Hugo's mother is correct as identified above. He is named as son of Drogo and Adeltrude in the Gesta Fontanellensium[]. Abbé de Saint-Denis, Jumièges et Fontenelle. Pepin revolted with his brothers Arnoul and Godefroi against their uncle Charles "Martel" in A charter dated 20 Feb , classified as spurious in the collection, purports to record the donation of "Godefridus dux filius Drogonis" to Metz St Arnulf[], although it is unlikely that Godefroi was born at that date.

Godefroi revolted with his brothers Arnoul and Pepin against their uncle Charles "Martel" in Settipani[] suggests that Godefroi was the father of Humbert Comte de Bourges, who died after Sigeberto's Vita Landiberto episcopi Traiectensis names "Drogo…et Grimoaldus" as sons of Pepin and "legitima sua coniunx Plictrudis"[].

His father named him maior domus in Neustria[] in [], and in Burgundy in []. His father created him dux in Champagne and dux of the Burgunds in The Annales Metenses record that, after the death of Drogo, "Pippino genitore suo" appointed "germanus eius Grimoaldus" to succeed "in principatum"[]. Her marriage is referred to by the Continuator of Fredegar, which does not give her name[].

The date of the marriage is provided by the Annales Metenses which record the marriage in of "Grimoaldus" and "filiam Radboldi ducis Frisionum"[]. The name of Grimoald's mistress is not known. Grimoald had one illegitimate son by Mistress The Annales Metense name "Grimoaldi filium eius parvulum ex concubina nata nomine Theodaldum" when recording his appointment as maior domus for King Dagobert II[].

He was legitimate according to the Monumenta Epternacensia which names "Theodaldum, filium Grimoaldi…ex Theodesina filia regis Rabodi"[]. After the death of his father, his grandfather Pepin chose Theodald as his heir although he was still a child. His paternal grandmother appointed him maior domus in Austrasia in He was opposed by his uncle Charles "Martel", but fled after the battle of Compiègne 26 Sep []. The Annales Alammanici record in that "Theodaldus interfectus est"[]. He succeeded his father in as maior domus in Austrasia.

Childebrand was either the illegitimate son of Pepin "le Gros" by an unknown mistress or his second son by his second [wife] Chalpais. He is described as "germanus" of Charles "Martel" by the Continuator of Fredegar, in the part which Childebrand himself sponsored[]. Historian, he was the author of part of the continuations of the chronicle of Fredegar written during the reign of King Pepin The Continuator of Fredegar names Nibelung as son of Childebrand, specifying that he assumed his father's work on the chronicle after the latter died[].

He was imprisoned by his father's first wife after his father died[]. However, the Neustrians revolted against Plectrudis, Charles escaped, was at first defeated by the Neustrians, but won the battle of Amblève, near Liège, in He was victorious at Vinchy, near Cambrai, 28 May after which Chilperic II King of Neustria fled with his maior domus, leaving Charles unchallenged to succeed as maior domus in Austrasia.

He conquered the Saxons in and the Frisians in when he captured Utrecht. He conquered the Neustrians, together with their ally Eudes Duke of Aquitaine, in He extended his authority to other French provinces: Hunald Duke of the Aquitanians swore allegiance to him in , he subjugated Burgundy and Provence in In , he omitted to nominate a successor on the death of King Theoderic IV, signalling the effective end of the Merovingian monarchy.

The Continuator of Fredegar records the same date for his death and his burial place[]. The Annales Laureshamenses record the death in of "Hortrudis"[]. The Annales Mosellani record the death in of "Chrothrud"[]. Settipani quotes a name list in the Liber confraternitatum augiensis which reads in part "Karolus maior domus, Pippin rex…Karolus imperator…Ruadtrud, Ruadheid, Svanahild regina, Bertha regina, Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina…"[]. He makes the obvious links between "Karolus maior domus…Svanahild regina", "Pippin rex…Bertha regina" and "Karolus imperator…Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina", deducing that "Ruadtrud, Ruadheid" must also be linked logically to "Karolus maior domus" because of the order in which the names are listed.

The primary source which specifically names the first wife of Charles "Martel" has not been identified. The precise parentage of Suanachildis is not known.

Einhard names "Swannhilde neptem Odilonis ducis Baioariorum" as the mother of Grifo[]. The precise relationship between Suanhilde and Pilitrude, who was the wife in turn of the brothers Grimoald and Theodoald, has not been identified.

She instigated the marriage of her stepdaughter to Odilo Duke of Bavaria according to the Continuator of Fredegar[]. After the death of her husband, she incited her son to rebel against her stepsons. She was defeated and sent to the monastery of Chelles, Seine-et-Marne.

Settipani quotes a name list in the Liber confraternitatum augiensis, quoted above under Chrothrudis first wife of Charles "Martel", concluding that "Ruadtrud, Ruadheid" must be linked logically to "Karolus maior domus" because of the order in which the names are listed[]. Einhard names "Karlomannum…et Pippinum atque Grifonem" as the three sons of "Karlus maior domus" when recording the latter's death[]. He succeeded his father as maior domus, jointly with his brother Pepin.

They deprived their half-brother Grifo of his inheritance, and defeated him after he rebelled against them. In the division of territories agreed with his brother, Carloman governed Austrasia, Alemannia, Thuringia and northern Alsace.

The brothers were faced with revolts in Frisia, Bavaria, Alemannia and Aquitaine. As a symbolic assertion of their authority, they nominated Childeric III as [Merovingian] king in Einhard records that "Karlomannus" was in Saxony at "castrum Hohseoburg" and there accepted the surrender of "Theodericum Saxonem illius loci primarium" in [].

In , Carloman's brother Pepin appropriated the province of Alemannia for himself. Carloman reasserted his authority with an expedition against the Alemans in , massacring the leaders who had betrayed him to his brother. This triggered the defection of his other supporters, and Carloman relinquished power.

The Annales Moselleni record the death in of "Karlamannus"[]. The name of Carloman's wife is not known. He succeeded his father in as maior domus. His uncle Pepin set him aside in and sent him to a monastery where he died soon after.

Settipani refers to texts which refer to "the children of Carloman" without naming them, but he does not cite these sources[].

He succeeded his father as maior domus jointly with his brother Carloman. The Continuator of Fredegar names "Chiltrudis" as daughter of Charles "Martel", stating that her "wicked stepmother" incited her to joined Odilo of Bavaria whom she married without the permission of her brothers[]. The Annales Moselleni record the death in of "Hildtrud"[].

His brother-in-law Carloman invaded Bavaria, and Odilo was forced to recognise Frankish suzerainty in He suggests that "Hiltrudis" was the wife of Odilo Duke of Bavaria, and therefore that all three sisters were daughters of Charles "Martel". The theory is attractive but not conclusive, as its validity depends on there being no other contemporary Hiltrudis, which is not provable.

If it is correct, there is no indication about the mother of Landrada and Aldana. Hlawitschka highlights the case against the affiliation[]. Einhard names "Karlomannum…et Pippinum atque Grifonem" as the three sons of "Karlus maior domus" when recording the latter's death, specifying that "Grifo…minor natu…matrem habuit Swannhilde neptem Odilonis ducis Baioariorum"[].

His father bequeathed to Grifo the central part of his territory, but his stepbrothers Carloman and Pepin deprived him of this inheritance and split the land between themselves. Grifo rebelled, incited by his mother, but was defeated at Laon and imprisoned by Carloman at Neufchâteau in the Ardennes[]. He was released in by his brother Pepin and fled to Saxony, where he raised an army although armed conflict was avoided[]. According to the Royal Frankish Annals, in Pepin granted Grifo the duchy of Mans and twelve counties in Neustria, although the source does not identify these counties more precisely[].

The Continuator of Fredegar records that in "germanus ipsius rege…Gripho" fled once more and allied himself with Waifar Duke of the Aquitanians[]. Grifo rebelled yet again, in alliance with the Bretons. He fled to Lombardy to join Aistulf King of the Lombards but was caught and killed while he was passing the Alps by "Theudoeno comite Viennense…et Frederico Ultraiurano comite"[], two of Pepin's supporters.

His escape to Italy, capture and death at the hands of "Theodoino comite in valle Maurienna" is also recorded in the Annales Laurissenses[]. The name of Grifo's wife is not known.

Settipani refers to a commemorative name list from Remiremont in which the names "Griffo, Carolus" follow immediately after another "Griffo", which may indicate that the former were sons of the latter[], although even if this is correct there is no proof that the latter Grifo was the same person as the son of Charles "Martel". Bishop of Rouen The Annales Moselleni record the death in of "Remigius et Bernehardus"[].

He was chosen to succeed as maior domus of Neustria after the defeat of Theudebald in []. He was defeated by Charles "Martel" at Vinchy in Sep and fled[]. Fredegar records that "Warnecharius maior domi Teuderici" died in the fourth year of the reign of King Theudebert II[]. Maior domus in Burgundy Fredegar records that "Bertoaldus genere Francos" was installed as maior domus in the eighth year of the reign of King Theoderic II, commenting that he was "morebus mensuratus, sapiens et cautus, in prilio fortis, fidem cum omnibus servans"[].

The king sent him to inspect the lands along the Seine to the Channel but he was attacked by Merovech, son of King Clotaire II, and fled to Orléans before being defeated and killed near Etampes[]. Fredegar records that "Protadius patricius" succeeded as maior domus in Burgundy after the death of "Wandalmaro ducis in pago Ultraiorano et Scotingorum", in the ninth year of King Theoderic's reign, at the instigation of Queen Brunechilde[].

In a later passage, Fredegar records that he was installed as maior domus in Burgundy in the tenth year of King Theoderic's reign, at the instigation of Queen Brunechilde[]. According to Fredegar, he was "monstrously cruel, extorting the last penny for the fisc and with ingenuity filling the fisc and enriching himself"[].

After supporting Queen Brunechilde in her incitement of King Theoderic to attack his brother King Theodebert, he was attacked at Quierzy by the forces of the former[]. Fredegar records that "Claudius de genere Romanus" was appointed maior domus in the eleventh year of King Theoderic's reign.

He was "resolute and full of good advice…he took note of what had happened to his predecessors and behaved quietly", his one disadvantage being his "excessive corpulence, the result of overeating"[]. Fredegar records that he helped Queen Brunechilde secure the accession of King Sigebert II after the death of the latter's father in , but defected to King Clotaire II after discovering a plot to kill him[]. In reward, King Clotaire confirmed his appointment as maior domus of Burgundy and swore that he should never be deposed from this office during his lifetime[].

Fredegar records the death of "Warnacharius maior domi" in the 43rd year of the reign of King Clotaire II[]. After his death, King Clotaire II assumed direct control over Burgundy and appointed no successor maior domus[]. She married secondly her stepson Godin. Fredegar records that, after the death of "Warnacharius maior domi", "filius eius Godinus" married his stepmother "Bertane", in the same year, after which he was forced to flee to Austrasia where he took refuge in the church of St Epure.

King Clotaire II permitted him to return on condition that he repudiated his wife, but afterwards ordered him to be killed[]. Fredegar records that "Arneberti duci", married to "Godini germanam", led the group sent by King Clotaire II to kill his brother-in-law[]. Fredegar records that "Flaogatum genere Franco" was chosen as maior domus of Burgundy in [] on the visit of Queen Nantechildis to Burgundy[]. He was the enemy of the patrician Willebad which resulted in a bitter struggle in both Burgundy and Neustria[].

Fredegar records his death from fever after the battle with Willebad, and his place of burial[]. Fredegar records that "Flaogatum" married "Nantilde regina…neptemque suam…Ragnoberta", apparently not arranged by the queen who was "plotting a different project which seems not to have been according to the will of God"[]. Presumably this insinuates that Queen Nantechildis was Flaochad's mistress. Fredegar records that "Amalbertus…germanus Flaochelo" supported his brother in the latter's dispute with Willebad[].

It is not known whether these two passages refer to the same Amalbert. Maior domus of Neustria in []. The Vita Aldegundis names "Gundelandi et Landerici" as "avunculorum" of "beata virgo Aldegundis"[]. The text could mean that Gundolandus and Landeric were brothers, although other interpretations are possible.

The precise date of death of Gundolandus is difficult to assess. Risultati 1 - 10 su circa 2. Tutti questi elementi agalmonici si ripetono nel sito staufico di Villa di Briano da Wilhelmus Abbas ostenta la sindone dal capitello dell'abbazia Avril de Saint Genis. Come mai i documenti inediti di Federico II, sul possesso delle reliquie,per caso poi confermati dai MGH , da un ritrovamento dello storico Gabriele Reina, erano nelle cappelle della famiglia della principessa Yasmin che ha materialmente ritrovato le reliquie e le bende di Cristo, facendo luce su due secoli di buio sulla sindone che era nel suo casato?

Tutto il mondo ha sempre ignorato che Federico II fosse in possesso della sindone. Biancheri ha messo molta carne a cuocere. Vengo ad alcune osservazioni, altre le rimando a un prossimo intervento. Nel sito della casata e nei siti collegati si sbandierano riproduzioni di quotidiani che annunciano la scoperta delle bende della Sindone da parte della principessa. Si dice che la Chiesa e il prof.

Baima Bollone avrebbero dato parere positivo alla teoria del possesso della Sindone da parte di Federico II.

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